- Women a minority in the field.
- Women doctors get tougher cases and high-risk patients.
- Female doctors, surgeons are either equal to or more proficient.
According to a recent research study in Japan, male and female surgeons have the same surgical complications and rates of death making them no different from each other.
Despite women doctors getting tougher cases and taking on high-risk patients, males and females were found to be the same.
While they are not different when it comes to capability, the study authors, who published their work in The BMJ noted that women were a minority in the field and encouraged more opportunities for them.
On the brighter side, female physicians have increased in number over the past few years.
In Canada, only 28% of the surgeons were female (2019), 22% in the US (2019), and 33% in the UK (2017). In Japan, the numbers are even worse with only 22% women physicians and 5.9% surgeons.
Previous studies conducted in Canada and the US have shown that female doctors and surgeons are either equal to or more proficient than their male counterparts.
Analysing the data from the Japanese National Clinical Database (NCD), researchers compared the operation outcomes of both surgeons from 2013 to 2017. Complete data included 149,193 distal gastrectomy surgeries, 63,417 gastrectomy surgeries, and 81,593 low anterior resection operations.
Unfortunately, even though these were the surgeries where female surgeons were found most, only 5% of all the operations were performed by women.
It was also found that hospitals were likelier to assign high-risk patients like those with more severe disease and malnourished people to women.
Regardless, no difference was found between the two.
The research team concluded that women might not be getting enough opportunities with men receiving preferential treatment as trainees.
The authors admitted that the project was observational without any firm conclusion and they might have missed out on a factor.